You can stream the Internet from the phone through the USB cable or WiFi in case the PC is equipped with a wireless card but the reverse process is not working.
However, it's possible to do it with a custom tool, Xposed Framework, Root and some APKs installed in your phone. It's a complicated process and it will brick your device if it isn't done properly.
The process is called Reversed USB Tethering. You can find more information on Google. XDA Forums hold much information about this process. You will also find the tools required for the job.