Can Java (TM) be used with Chrome?
No, Java can't be used with Chrome any more. Starting from version 42, Chrome doesn't have support for NPAPI plugins. If you have an older version of Chrome, open a new tab and type chrome://flags. Press CTRL + F and then type NPAPI. Enable the feature and restart the browser.
There is also a blog post on Oracle regarding Java, Chrome, and launching of web applications in Chrome: https://blogs.oracle.com/java-platform-group/entry/launching_web_start_applications