While the files are stored on the drive, in no way they should be corrupted unless they are synced elsewhere. The files on the Dropbox remain the same until you access them. Try reinstalling the Dropbox application then observe the behavior. It's possible that the upload is corrupted and while you upload the files it also corrupts them. There have been problems with the cloud synchronizers (eg. OneDrive) that when it's used, it actually corrupted the files.